‘Shaheed’ Bhagat Singh was born on September 28th, 1907. The outstanding and unmatchable revolutionary was born in a Sandhu Jat family in Punjab’s Doab district. Bhagat Singh joined the freedom struggle at a very early age. He died as a martyr at the age of only 23 years!
Bhagat Singh is famous for his heroic and revolutionary acts. He was born in a family which was completely associated with the struggle for Indian independence. His father, Sardar Kishan Singh and uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh, were famous freedom fighters of that time. They were both supporters of Gandhian ideology.
They were successful in inspiring people to come out in numbers for opposing the British. This had a deep impact on Bhagat Singh. He was a patriot; loyal to the country and wished to free it from the clutches of the British.
Bhagat Singh had to leave his school at the age of 13 when Mahatma Gandhi made a call for boycotting government-aided institutions. Later on, he joined the National College at Lahore. He was greatly inspired by the European revolutionary movements.
Bhagat Singh founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha. Later on, he came in contact with great revolutionaries like Sukhdev, Rajguru and Chandrashekhar Azad as he joined the Hindustan Republican Association.
He wrote articles for the Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine as well. Bhagat Singh decided not to get married. He convinced his parents by telling them that he wanted to dedicate his life to the freedom struggle totally.
Bhagat Singh was arrested by the British force in May 1927. He was released a few months later from jail. After his release, Bhagat Singh continued writing revolutionary articles for newspapers.
The Simon Commission was formed by the British government in 1928 for discussing autonomy for the Indians. But since the commission had no Indian representatives, it was boycotted by several political organizations.
Lala Lajpat Rai organized a protest against the commission. He led a procession and marched towards the Lahore station. Police had to resort to Lathi charge to control the mob. The protesters were badly injured. Lala Lajpat Rai had to be hospitalized. Lalaji became shaheed after a few days.
The incident left Bhagat Singh infuriated. He wanted to avenge Lala Ji’s death. The angry young man killed British police officer John P. Saunders soon after. Bhagat Singh and his comrades bombed the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. They got arrested. Bhagat Singh confessed his involvement in the crime.
During the trial, the brave freedom fighter led a hunger strike in the prison. Bhagat Singh and his co-conspirators, Rajguru and Sukhdev were executed on the 23rd of March 1931.
With no doubt, Bhagat Singh was a true patriot. Throughout his life, he fought for the freedom of our nation and finally sacrificed his life for the cause. The news of his death upset his followers, but managed to spark high patriotic emotions across the country. He became a martyr for a noble cause. He lives in the hearts of millions of Indians as ‘Shaheed Bhagat Singh’.