Hypokinetic Diseases

Vismaya c p
Updated on

 In earlier days the main causes of death were infectious diseases but today death is mainly caused due to hypokinetic diseases. Hypo kinetic diseases are conditions caused mainly due to sedentary lifestyle.

Today technology is very much advanced, mankind is designing machines to move for him so the need to run and walk is reduced to a minimum.

The main Hypokinetic diseases include

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Osteoporosis
  • Coronary heart disease 
  • Back pain
cause of hypokinetic diseases


Obesity is the excess body weight due to the accumulation of fat. This excess accumulation happens when caloric intake exceeds the caloric expenditure. Obesity is recognized as a disease with severe health effects. The major causes are overeating, sedentary habits, lack of physical activity etc


The food we eat is converted to glucose, which is utilised by our body for the production of energy. Insulin is the hormone which helps to maintain the blood glucose level. When a person has diabetes, his body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin very well

As a result blood glucose level will be high. This condition is called diabetes. the major symptoms includes extreme hunger and thirst, profuse sweating, frequent urination slow healing of wounds etc


Hypertension is a condition in which blood pressure is too high. High blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher. High blood pressure is called ‘The silent killer’ because it usually has no symptoms.


Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and brittle. Even mild stresses like coughing causes the bones to break. If it is not prevented or left untreated osteoporosis progress painlessly until bone breaks. The main causes are genetic factors,lack of calcium and vitamin D and lifestyle etc

Coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease is the narrowing or blockage of coronary artery due to Atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is the building up of cholesterol in the inner wall of arteries, this will restrict the blood flow to the heart muscles. Without adequate blood supply heart becomes starved of oxygen and essential nutrients this leads to severe chest pain called Angina and ultimately leads to heart attack. major causes includes smoking, lack of exercise, stress, obesity, diabetes, high alcohol consumption , hypertension etc

Back pain

Back pain usually initiates from muscles nerves bones joints or other structures in the spine. Strains in muscles and ligaments due to wrong body posture, heavy weight lifting or sudden wrong body movement etc causes back pain.

Major causes of hypokinetic diseases

  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Overeating
  • High-fat rich diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Lack of appropriate physical activity
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Smoking 
  • Stress

Management of hypokinetic diseases


 Life style modification is the best solution for managing hypokinetic diseases 

  • Maintain a healthy and balanced diet
  • Adequate Regular exercise
  • Yoga and meditation
  • Regular physical activity
  • Avoid junk foods
  • Maintain ideal body weight
  • Avoid alcohol consumption 

Read more: Spanish flu- Cause, Symptoms & prevention

Check your knowledge

Hypo kinetic diseases are conditions caused mainly due to sedentary lifestyle

Obesity, hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease, back pain osteoporosis etc

Modern sedentary lifestyle is the major cause of hypokinetic diseases. Improper diets, junk foods, lack of exercise and physical activities, Alcohol consumption, Smoking etc cause hypokinetic diseases

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