Reproductive Health 

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Reproductive health deals with the well being of a person in relation to reproductive functions at different stages of life. It is among the basic rights of every human being. ‘Health’ is a state of well-being which includes physical, mental, and social well-being and also proper ‘reproductive’ health. 

Humans, plants, birds, reptiles and insects are among the organisms which undergo sexual reproduction. Proper reproductive health is vital for ensuring psychological well-being of living beings as well. 

Reproductive Health in Humans

Good ‘reproductive health’ allows human beings to reproduce at will. ‘They’ always have the freedom to decide when and how often to ‘reproduce’. Both male reproductive health and female reproductive health are equally important in creating a new organism. 

Sexually transmitted diseases

Reproductive health also deals with prevention of sexually transmitted diseases or infections (STDs or STIs). STDs or STIs are mostly spread by sexual intercourse. They can prove fatal. For example, there is no cure for Syphilis, HIV, Gonorrhea, etc.

Birth Control Method

There are various types of birth control methods for preventing unwanted pregnancies. This includes natural or traditional methods, barrier methods (using condoms etc), intrauterine devices (IUDs), oral contraceptives, injectables (including implants) and also surgical methods. Some of these methods require a prescription from a doctor.

Significance of Reproductive Health

reproductive health 2

For producing a healthy offspring, it is important to be careful during every stage of reproduction. Physical and mental well-being are important aspects of reproductive health.

Reproductive organs require proper care since they are the most sensitive organs of the human body. Being careful helps in avoiding sexually transmitted diseases and other reproductive issues.

Family planning, sexual health, and maternal health are three components of reproductive health. 

Family planning: It can be defined as the ability to produce the desired number of offspring, ensuring proper spacing and timing between their births. Family planning can be done properly taking necessary precautions, using birth control methods.

Sexual health: Hygiene is an important aspect in sexual relationships. There should be proper awareness spread in the form of ‘sex education’ right from the school level. Use of contraceptives for avoiding unwanted pregnancies and prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are all part of ensuring a good ‘sexual health’. 

Maternal health: Maternal health involves taking care of a woman’s health during pregnancy. She should be provided round-the-clock access to all medical care facilities.

Objectives of reproductive health

  • It spreads awareness among youth (adolescents) on sexual health
  • Helps in preventing STIs including AIDS or HIV
  • Helps in delivering healthy babies
  • Provides knowledge on early pregnancy symptoms, raises awareness on infertility, male sexual problems, birth control methods and post-childbirth care.
  • Promotes safe sexual practices and raises caution against illegal practices.

Reproductive health in different sexes

reproductive health 3

Male reproductive health

The male reproductive system comprises the penis, testes, scrotum, epididymis, prostate, vas deferens, and seminal vesicles. Hygienic practices will help men avoid sexually transmitted diseases like itchy genitals or anus. Regular health checkups are always recommended.

Female reproductive health

The female reproductive system comprises the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, vulva, mammary glands, and breasts. These organs play a crucial role in production of gametes and sex hormones. The different life stages associated with sexual life of a female includes fertility, menstruation, contraception and also health problems including PCOS or PCOD.

A female body requires constant attention and regular checkups. Uterine fibroids, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, gynecologic cancer, and endometriosis are few of the problems associated with female reproductive health.


  • Eat a balanced diet. Rich in fiber, low in fats.
  • Drink plenty of water.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Good sleep is vital for a healthy body and mind.
  • Avoid use of tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs.
  • Manage stress through activities like meditation and yoga.
  • Regular consultation with healthcare providers

Must-Follow Practices

  • Proper counseling for children on sexuality and sexual health.
  • Raising awareness on adolescent and youth health care.
  • Strict action against sexual violence on women and children.
  • Effecient teatment for infertility and sexual dysfunctions


Proper awareness on reproductive health will help us in creating a healthy and responsible society!


Read more:Migraine


Check your knowledge

      Answer) Sexually transmitted diseases 


      Answer) Natural or traditional methods, barrier methods, intrauterine devices (IUDs), oral contraceptives, and also surgical methods. 

  Answer)  Syphilis, HIV and Gonorrhea.

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