Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World
Do you know how many countries are there on our planet? There are whopping 195 countries in the world! That is a huge number, right? Among these 195 countries, there are countries with more and less area. Anyways, in this blog let’s see the top 10 countries with less area, i.e., the top 10 smallest countries in the world.
With an area of 316 km², Malta is the 10th smallest country in the world. Malta is an island nation situated in the Mediterranean Sea and is a part of Southern Europe. The official languages of Malta are Maltese and English. But, 66% of the Maltese people speak the Italian language. Malta has a population of 516,000 inhabitants. The capital of Malta is Valletta which is the smallest national capital in the European Union by area and population. Malta is also the fourth most densely populated sovereign country. Malta attained independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 with Elizabeth II as its queen. The nation became a republic in 1974. Malta acquired membership in the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations since independence. The country also joined the European Union in 2004.
Maldives with an area of 300 km² is the ninth smallest country in the world. Maldives is a South Asian country situated in the Indian Ocean. The country lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India. Maldives is the smallest Asian country and one of the smallest Muslim-majority countries in the world. Maldives has a population of 557,751 inhabitants making it the second least populous country in Asia. Dhivehi and English are the official languages of the Maldives. The capital of Maldives is Male and it is also the most populated city in the country. Maldives is also the lowest-lying country in the world with an average ground-level elevation of 1.5 metres above sea level and a highest natural point of only 2.4 metres. The nation attained independence from the United Kingdom in 1965 and became a republic in 1968.
8) Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis is an island nation comprising two islands Saint Kitts and Nevis and is situated in the West Indies. The country is the eighth smallest nation in the world with an area of 261 km². With a population of around 50,000 inhabitants, Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest sovereign state in the Western Hemisphere as well as the smallest sovereign federation in the world. The country is also the only sovereign federation in the Caribbean. English is the official language of the nation and Saint Kitts Creole is the native language. Basseterre is the capital of Saint Kitts and Nevis and it is also the main port for passenger entry and cargo. The country attained independence from Great Britain in 1983.
7) Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands with an area of 181.43 km² is the seventh smallest country in the world. The Marshall Islands is situated near the equator in the Pacific Ocean and it is part of the larger island group of Micronesia. Majuro is the capital of the Marshall Islands and it is also the largest city in the country. The official languages of the nation are Marshallese and English. The nation has a population of 58,413 inhabitants and it comprises 1,156 individual islands and islets. The Marshall Islands signed a Compact of Free Association with the US in 1983 and with the compact’s entry into force, the nation attained independence in 1986.
Liechtenstein is a European nation located in the Alps between Austria and Switzerland. With an area of 160 km², Liechtenstein is the sixth smallest country in the world. The country is surrounded by Switzerland to the west and Austria to the east and north. Liechtenstein is also the smallest country to border two countries. It is the fourth smallest country in Europe and has a population of 38,749 inhabitants. German is the official language of the country and Vaduz is its capital.
5) San Marino
San Marino is the fifth smallest country in the world with an area of 61.2 km². San Marino is a European country that is entirely surrounded by Italy. The country is located on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains and has a population of 33,562 inhabitants. San Marino has no airport and the nearest airport is located in Italy. The common languages in San Marino are Italian and Romagnol. The capital of San Marino is San Marino City. San Marino is also one of the wealthiest countries in the world in GDP per capita with an impressive figure which is even comparable to other developed European regions.
Tuvalu is an island nation situated in the Pacific Ocean and is located about midway between Hawaii and Australia. The country is composed of three reef islands and six atolls. With an area of 26 km², Tuvalu is the fourth smallest country in the world. The nation has a population of 11,204 inhabitants. The capital of Tuvalu is Funafuti and 60% of Tuvalu’s population is in Funafuti. Tuvalu’s principle part of economy is fishing and tourism. The country is extremely vulnerable to sea level rise due to climate change as it is a small, low-lying nation.
With an area of 21 km², Nauru is the third smallest country in the world. Nauru is an island nation in Oceania and it is the smallest island country in the world. It is also the smallest republic in the world and has a population of about 10,000 inhabitants. Nauru is the second least populated country in the world after Vatican City. The strange fact about Nauru is that it does not have a capital making it the one and only nation to not have a capital in the world. The largest city in Nauru is Denigomodu which is also the most populous place in the nation. The official languages of Nauru are Nauruan and English.
Monaco with an area of just 2.02 km² is the second smallest country in the world. Monaco is bordered by France to the north, east, and west. The nation contains a population of 38,682 inhabitants. Monaco is the most densely-populated sovereign state in the world. Monaco has the world’s shortest coastline(approximately 3.83 km). French is the official language of Monaco and other languages like Monegasque, Italian, and English are also spoken by many people. Monaco is widely recognised as one of the most expensive and wealthiest places in the world.
1) Vatican City
With an area of just 0.49 km² and population of around 500, Vatican City is the smallest country in the world by both area and population. The national language of Vatican City is Italian. Vatican City is an ecclesiastical(signifies jurisdiction by church leaders) state ruled by the Pope. The Pope is the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The country attained independence from Italy in 1929. Vatican City has some famous religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter’s Basilica, the Sistine Chapel, and the Vatican Museums. The nation also contains some of the world’s most famous paintings and sculptures.