Droupati Murmu : India’s 15th President
It’s a historic moment. Our Country is celebrating Draupadi Murmu’s victory like a festival. A tribal woman is President-elect now, it’s an achievement of its own. Do you know who Droupati Murmu is? let’s get to know
Droupadi Murmu is an Indian politician who is elected as the 15th president of India. She is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). She is the first person belonging to a Scheduled Tribe (ST) community to be elected as president of India. She is the second woman president of India.
She served as the ninth Governor of Jharkhand between 2015 and 2021, and held various portfolios in the cabinet of Government of Odisha between 2000 to 2004 prior to her presidency.
From 1979 to 1983 she worked as a junior assistant in the State Irrigation and Power Department, and then worked as a teacher at Sri Aurobindo Integral Education Center at Rairangpur until 1997 before entering into politics.
The BJP nominated Murmu as the National Democratic alliance(NDA)’s presidential candidate for the 2022 Presidential election in June 2022. She was elected as president in July 2022, becoming the country’s youngest president and the first to be born after India’s independence.
Droupadi Murmu was born on June 20, 1958, in a santali family in the Baidaposi area of Rairangpur from Mayurbhanj district in Odisha, to Biranchi Narayan Tudu. Her grandfather and father were traditional heads of the village council. Murmu graduated from Rama devi Women’s college in arts. She married Shyam Charan Murmu, who worked as a banker, who died in 2014.They had two sons, both of whom are dead, and a daughter, Itishri Murmu. She lost her mother,husband, two sons, and a brother in a span of 7 years, from 2009 to 2015.
Droupadi Murmu joined the BJP in Rairangpur. She was elected as the councilor of the Rairangpur Nagar Panchayat in 1997. She was the minister of state during the BJP and BJD coalition government in Odisha with Independent Charge for Commerce and Transportation from March 6, 2000, to August 6, 2002, and Fisheries and Animal Resources Development from August 6, 2002, to May 16, 2004.
Awards and honors
She was awarded the Nilkanth award for the best MLA by Odisha Legislative Assembly in 2007
Pathalgada movement against tribal land law amendments
The Raghubar Das ministry was seeking amendments to the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act, 1908, and the Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act, 1949 , in 2016-2017. These two original laws had safeguarded the rights of the tribal communities. According to the laws that exist in the state the land transactions could only be done between the tribals. The new amendments permit the tribals the right to allow the government to make commercial use of the tribal land. The bill amending the existing law had been approved by the Jharkhand legislative assembly. The bills were sent to Murmu for approval.
The tribal people were against the proposed law.Pathalgardi movement were held against the proposed amendments to the tenancy acts. The protests turned violent and Police responded too with a violent crackdown on the tribals, which caused the death of a tribal man. Due to these incidents, Criminal cases were filed against more than 200 people. Murmu, was criticized for police aggression against tribals during the movement.
Murmu had received a total of 192 memorandums against the amendments in the bill. Opposition parties Indian National Congress, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, the Jharkhand Vikas Morcha and others had put intense pressure against the bill. Murmu relented and refused to give assent to the bills and returned the bill to the state government on 24 May 2017. Later, the bill was withdrawn in August 2017.
Read more : Chandrayaan 2
Check your knowledge
Droupadi Murmu is an Indian politician who is elected as the 15th president of India.
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Draupadi Murmu was born in a tribal family in the Baidaposi area of Rairangpur from Mayurbhanj district in Odisha.