International Red Cross Movement
Having its branches in almost all the countries across the planet, the International Red Cross Movement is a global organization. It comprises the International Committee of the Red Cross and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.
The International Red Cross Movement has the reputation of being the most expansive philanthropic organization in the modern world.
It is managed by a solid team of qualified staff scattered across different regions of the world. The operations of the International Red Cross Movement are organized by around 100 individuals, this includes volunteers and staff. Their efforts are supported by National Societies and collaborating partners worldwide.
The movement plays a key role in meeting the needs of the poor, safeguarding lives and promoting human dignity. It is committed towards the alleviation of poverty and human suffering. Hence, it is a platform for integration of various components.
The Red Cross Movement had begun its operations in the year 1863. It was led by Henry Dunant, a Swiss businessman. He was disturbed after witnessing the sufferings of thousands of people post the battle of Solferino in 1859. Several innocent people lost their lives in the war due to the negligence of the warring parties.
Dunant’s idea was to establish relief societies which were not aligned to any particular party for providing assistance to the wounded. The volunteers were trained for impartially taking care of the wounded during the times of war.
The International Committee of the Red Cross was established in Geneva, Switzerland, and the charter was drawn in 1863. The movement has been very consistent in providing assistance to those troubled by war or because of various calamities.
Victims of war are usually forced to flee their countries; they might lose their loved ones, property and their dignity. The Red Cross committee involves in issues which affect humanity across the globe, and promote formation of laws for upholding human dignity.
The International Red Cross movement has an Assembly and an Assembly Council at the very top. The Assembly Council functions as the subsidiary of the Assembly. Directorate, the executive body of the movement, is responsible for ensuring the smooth run of the organization’s affairs.
The ‘Directorate’ is guided by the Assembly and the Assembly Council. The President of the International Committee of the Red Cross chairs the Assembly and the Assembly Council. He is assisted by a Vice President. The Directorate which is chaired by the Directorate General has five members.
Developments related to international humanitarian laws are primarily handled by the Assembly and the Assembly Council. In short, the Assembly regulates the Assembly Council and the Directorate.
The world is full of conflicts, a proactive approach by humanitarian organizations is the need of the hour. Natural calamities, civil wars, and climate changes end up destabilizing the society in one way or the other. Victims may die, get displaced, or end up becoming refugees in foreign nations.
The International Red Cross Movement plays a vital role in supporting the affected people. Government help usually comes in late, and mostly proves to be insufficient. The International Red Cross Movement works closely with well wishers and volunteers for supporting nations in distress without showing favoritism.
The Red Cross Movement hires professionals for predicting hazards and for evaluating the conditions of vulnerable groups in the event of a disaster. The International Red Cross Movement has a strict code of conduct which its members have to subscribe to. The movement is highly transparent and accountable, and pushes its supporters to do better for humanity.
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Answer) Henry Dunant.
Answer) Mirjana Spoljaric Egger.