Presidential election in India

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On 18th July 2022, The Indian Presidential election was held. It was the 16th presidential election in India. The BJP  candidate Droupati Murmu won the election, defeating Yashwant Sinha.. That led Murmu to be the 15th president of India after Ram Nath Govind. She is the first President of India, born after independence and also the youngest to occupy this  post. Do you know how presidential elections take place in India? Let’s get to know how it take place 

Election of President

The Indian President is elected by indirect election by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both houses of Parliament, the elected members of the State Legislative Assemblies of all States and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of two Union Territories ie Puducherry and Delhi. The election is held by a proportional representation system by single transferable vote method.

election paper

The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the President must be proposed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders. Under the instant-runoff voting system, the presidential election is held by a secret ballet. Article 55 of the constitution provides the manner of election of the President.

Qualifications for president of india

  • According to Article 58 of the Indian Constitution, the president and vice president of India must be citizens of India.
  •  He/she should be completed 35 years old.
  • He/She should not have any proven criminal charges
  • He / She  must not hold any office of profit under the Indian government.
  • He/She should not be declared as financially insolvent and he/she should be  physically as well as mentally sound.
droupathi murmu oath

Important articles related to president and election of the President in India




A 52

There shall be a president of india

A 53

Election of president

A 55

Manner of election of president

A 56

Term of office of President

A 57

Eligibility for re-election

A 58

Qualifications for election as President

A 59

Conditions of President’s office

A 60

Oath or affirmation by the President

A 61

Procedure for impeachment of the President

A 62

Time of holding an election to fill vacancy in the office of president.

A 70

Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies

A 71

Things relating to the election of the President or Vice-President

A 74

Council of Ministers to advice and aid President

A 75

Other provisions as to Ministers

A 87

Special address by the President

A 123

Power of President to proclaim Ordinances during recess of Parliament

A 143

Power of President to consult Supreme Court

A 352

National Emergency

A 356

President’s rule

A 360

Financial Emergency

Some other important points regarding president of India

  • Term of Office of President of India ; the President shall hold office for a term of five years from the date he takes upon his office.
  • It is the chief justice of India who administers the oath to the President
  • President shall give Resignation to Vice President of India
  •  In Supreme Court of India, The Disputes Regarding the Election of President are challenged
  • Immunities Enjoyed by the President; The President of India can never be arrested or imprisoned and The President of India enjoys personal immunity from legal liability for his official acts.
  • The President can be removed from office by the process of impeachment, but it can be done only on the grounds of violation of the constitution.

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Check your knowledge

The president of India  is elected by the electoral college.

Manner of election of president

According to Article 58 of the Indian Constitution, the president of India must be a citizen of India and has completed the age of 35 years.

The President can be removed from office by the process of impeachment for  only on the grounds of violation of the constitution. 

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